All garnets have similar physical properties and crystal forms but differ in chemical composition although they are all in the silicate mineral group. In addition to jewelry making, garnets are used industrially as the rough coating on sandpaper. The industrial mining of garnets produces the majority of gem grade material for use in jewelry.
The name garnet comes from the Latin word granatus, meaning like a grain. Garnet can be found by a number of different names. Other names also applied to garnet include andradite, demantoid, grossularite, hessonite, cinnamon stone, pyrope, rhodolite, tsavorite, spessartine, uwarowite, Arizona ruby, Arizona spinel, Montana ruby, New Mexico ruby, ant hill ruby, and many more.
Aside from the common red, garnet gemstone beads come in a wide variety of colors including green, pale to bright yellow, orange, and brown. In fact, they can come in every color except blue.
|common treatments: frequently dyed|
|special care: In the case of dyed beads, minimize color bleed by rinsing well in warm water (with the risk of color loss.)|
|hardness: 7 - 7.5|